How can we make Concrete Using Waste Materials ?

SAHIL
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 Yes It is Possible to make Concrete out of any Waste Material . These Days a lot of People are Working on Research on Best Ways to Utilize the Waste Materials and Let me Tell you that Concrete is the First Thing .

In this 21st Century a Large Evolution has Taken Place in the History of Construction and Industry and Concrete made it Possible to Make Skyscrapers , Bridges , Dams , Tunnels and much more , But as the Time is Passing the need of concrete is Increasing Day by day and we all know Concrete is not only made with cement , the Aggregates play an important Role and Aggregates are Natural Materials in It took thousand of Years to make that and These Aggregates are Need to be Replaced by any other entity so as to Recover the Losses of Natural deposits and Today Whole Topic will Run Over the Same thing and Which is Waste Material.

What is Waste Material Concrete ?

Waste Material - Concrete is Nothing But a Special Kind of Concrete in which Cement has to bind with some of the Waste Material as a Replacement of Aggregates and This Replacement Actually give us Good Result , Because Strength of Concrete Remains Constant as well as We have used Waste Material Somewhere in Place of Throwing that Away . Further in this Article we will Talk About some of the Types of Waste Materials that can be Blended with Cement as well as their uses , Advantages and Disadvantages.

How Many Types of Waste Materials are Their ?

Their are 3 Types of Waste Materials Available on Earth and They are enlisted as follows :
  1. Organic Waste Material
  2. Inorganic Waste Material
  3. Industrial Waste Material

And In the Upcoming Paragraphs we are Going to Study Them .

Organic Waste Material

The Waste Materials that are Originated from the Plants that are dead or not in use and the most important thing is the Waste which is Biodegradable can be termed as Organic Waste Material and The most Perfect Concrete that can be made using these waste materials is Light Weight Concrete. Some of the Organic Waste Materials are as Follows :

  1. Rice Husk Ash - The ash Obtained After incinerating the Rise husk and This Rice Husk ash is Also One of the Pozzolanas.
  2. The Paper Waste Ash
  3. Human and Animal Waste Ash
  4. Green Waste in the Garbage
  5. Biodegradable Plastic
  6. Wheat Husk
  7. Ground Nut Husk
  8. Sugarcane Husk

Inorganic Waste Material

The Waste Materials that are too hard to Break as well are Non-Biodegradable May be Termed as Inorganic Waste Materials .For example the Recycling of Concrete is done to Obtain the Coarse Aggregates and the Recycling of Concrete is done very carefully so  that aggregates can be safely Removed from the Old Concrete. The Another example is that Whenever the Earthquake came some of Massive Construction entities get Demolished and whenever we proceed for the Reconstruction , We have to Throw out all the masonry and broken Bricks , Marbles , Stones , Glasses as well as Concrete But these days some High Powered Crusher machines are available in Order to Crush too Hard waste materials and After that these can be used as Matrix Element of Concrete. Some of the Examples of the Inorganic Waste Material are as Follows:

  1. Crushed Concrete
  2. Crushed Old Bricks
  3. Crushed Glass and Mirror
  4. Broken Marbles 
  5. Plastic Bottles
  6. Batteries
  7. Medicines
  8. Plastic Waste
  9. Brick ash
  10. Chalk Powder
  11. Stone Powder
  12. Coconut Pith

Industrial Waste Material

Finally we are at the main part of this Article , The Waste Materials Obtained for Various Industries such as Steel Industry , Medical Industry , PVC Industry , Chemical Industry , Textile Industry . Such Waste Materials Obtained from these Industries can be used with Concrete in Order to save Environment is a Good Thing . In the Last line I said Save Environment and that is the main point , as you dip deeper inside this word the more confused you are . So, Everyone Knows that these Industries are the Biggest Danger to Mankind as well to our Planet Earth , Because the Waste obtained from these are Directly Disposed to the Environment , Lands , Rivers , Canals as well as some of the waste is no injected to the Ground Water and By utilizing this waste Material instead of throwing it we can save our Environment . The Following is the List of some of the Industrial Waste Substances that can be Blended with cement to Obtain as Special Kind of Concrete Known as Waste Material Concrete :

  1. Blast Furnace Slag
  2. Silica Fume
  3. Coal ash from Power Station , Factories
  4. Red Mud Aggregate
  5. Fly Ash
  6. Bottom Ash
  7. Phospho-gypsum
  8. Municipal Solid Waste Ash
  9. Sewage Sludge Ash
  10. Metakaolin

What are the Uses of Waste Material Concrete ?

The Following are the some of uses of this Concrete :
  • It is used in Road Pavements
  • It is used in Retaining Walls
  • It is used in Floor Slabs
  • It is used in Highway and Flyovers
  • It is used in Canals
  • It is used in Sewer Systems
  • It is used in Footpaths

What are the Advantages of Waste Material Concrete ?

Some of the Benefits of the Waste Material Concrete is as Follows :
  • We will Save the Environment
  • We can save 30% of the Total Cost of a Project by using Waste Material Concrete.
  • The Frost Resistance can be Improved using this concrete.
  • The Natural Aggregates can be Saved using this.
  • The Health Problems to human Life Due to the Toxic Waste can be Reduced if use them into concrete.
  • The Time taken for Transportation of natural aggregates can be minimized if replace them with Waste Materials
  • Their are Some Places on Earth where Natural deposits of sand and Pebbles are not their So, we can use Waste Material Concrete there.

What are the Disadvantages of Waste Material Concrete ?

The Shortcomings of the Waste Concrete in enlisted as Follows :
  • It is Time Consuming Process
  • Some expensive Machinery is Required to Crush these Waste Materials.
  • The Permeability of Waste Material Concrete is higher than that of Normal Concrete.
  • More Manpower is Required to Perform Waste Material Concreting
  • The Water Absorption and Rate of Carbonation is Higher than the Conventional Concrete
  • Their is a Risk of Corrosion of Reinforcement Bars If we use this Concrete, So Careful Steps need to take place during Protection of Steel Bars
  • The Overall Strength is Lower than the Normal Concrete Because the Waste Materials such as Ashes and Slags Needs more Water to make Concrete Workable and due to that the Water to Cement Ratio can be Increased , which will Directly decrease the Strength .
And That's All with Full Fledge Guide on How we can make Concrete out of the Waste Material and The Proper Classification of these Material that can be used in Concrete is also done Now,  If you have Any doubt Regarding this Topic then Keep in mind to Contact us .

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